Czerwińsk on the Vistula River

A village on the Vistula River. The seat of the commune office.

Mentioned in 1065 r. as the property of the Benedictine monks from Mogilno. At the end of the 11th century. Czerwińsk became the property of the Płock bishops (do 1795 r.). At the beginning. XII w. king Bolesław Krzywousty founded the Benedictine church. st. Wojciech, which was probably built in the area of ​​today's cemetery. W 1 half. XII w. Aleksander of Malonne, the bishop of Płock (operating in the diocese of Płock in the 1129-56) he replaced the Benedictines of Regular Lateran canons. Before 1155 r. an abbey was built for them. Czerwińsk was then divided into 2 parts: episcopal, which obtained city rights in 1373 r., and monastic, which received city rights in 1582 r. W 1294 r. In Czerwińsk, the Mazovian prince Konrad II died, he was buried in the basement of the monastery church. From 30 June to 3 July 1410 r. Allied troops were concentrated near Czerwińsk: crowns, Lithuanian, Ruthenian, Tatar and mercenaries under the joint command of King Władysław Jagiełło before the expedition against the Teutonic Knights. To enable troops from Małopolska to cross the Vistula, a skate bridge was built, supported on 168 boats, called skates, whose individual elements were floated here from Kozienice. After the victory at Grunwald, Jagiełło presented his wire helmet as a votive offering for thanks (a bowl). W 1419 i 1422 r. Polish-Lithuanian troops were stationed here again before the next expeditions against the Teutonic Knights. W 1422 r. in Czerwińsk the nobility was given the so-called. Czerwińsk privileges ( inviolability of hereditary goods without a court judgment and the execution of courts solely on the basis of statutory law), a w 1475 r. Here, Mazovian privileges were written down in the so-called. The Czerwińsk Code. W XV i XVI w. development of Czerwińsk as a center of grain trade. Polish kings visited Czerwińsk: Kazimierz Jagiellończyk, Zygmunt III Waza (w 1593 r.), Władysław IV and Jan Kazimierz (w 1649 r.). The latter handed over to the local church the Cossack banners captured at Beresteczek. In half. XVII w. the city was largely destroyed during the swedish invasion, which started his regression. From 1795 r. in the Prussian partition. In years 1807-15 in the Duchy of Warsaw. In years 1815-1918 in the Kingdom of Poland. W 1869 r. Czerwińsk lost its municipal rights. W 1930 r. President Ignacy Mościcki visited the church and the monastery. During World War II, the Nazis deported the Salesians from Czerwińsk, and in the monastery they organized a school for the German military police.

Article Undo

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *