Wyszogród

A town on the edge of the Płońsk Upland, on the high bank of the Vistula River, opposite the mouth of the Bzura river, ok. 3000 inhabited, seat of the commune office.

Mentioned in 1065 r. W XII w. there was a wooden castle in the area of ​​the stronghold, erected by Konrad I Mazowiecki. Then Wyszogród was the seat of the castellany and the place, where one of the residences of the dukes of Masovia was located. In the second quarter of the 13th century. the place of missionary activity of the Dominican St.. Jacek Odrowąż. Castle in the years 1241 i 1262 it was a place of refuge from the Tatars of Daniel Romanowicz – of the Vladimir-Halych prince. W 1313 r. The Duke of Mazovia and Bolesław II of Płock died here. W XIV w. the castle was rebuilt into a brick one, and Wyszogród became the capital of the land of Wyszogród from 1381 r. in the Duchy of Czersk and Warsaw. W 1398 r. the settlement built at the castle received or had the confirmed city rights of Chełmno. The greatest boom in the 15th and 16th centuries. associated with the operation of the port and warehouses on the Vistula, as well as cloth workshops valued throughout Mazovia. W 1526 r. Wyszogród, along with the entire principality of Czersk and Masovia, enters the Crown. W 1656 r. and at the beginning. XVIII w. multiple destruction of the city during wars and fires. During this period, a competitive center in Warsaw developed, which took over the role of the main craft and trade center in the region. The city is regressing. W 1704 r. August II the Strong camped here. W 1768 r. during the Bar Confederation, Wyszogród captures a confederate branch headed by Józef Sawa-Caliński. Since then, one of the large islands on the Vistula near Wyszogród is called the Confederate Island. From 1793 r. the city found itself under Prussian rule. This initiated a wave of German settlement in the vicinity of the city. 17 brand 1794 r. in the city camped from Ostrołęka to Kraków, a unit of the Wielkopolska National Cavalry Brigade, Brigadier Antoni Madaliński. In years 1807-15 Wyszogród was incorporated into the Duchy of Warsaw, and from 1815 r. to the Congress Kingdom. W 1847 r. regular passenger and cargo shipping was launched connecting Wyszogród with Warsaw and Płock. W 2 half. XIX w. there was a slight economic recovery. In the interwar period, most of the inhabitants of Wyszogród were Jews. W 1936 r. the Congress of German Colonists in Poland took place in Wyszogród. The city was severely damaged during World War II. During this period, the Germans deported all Jews from Wyszogród to Czerwińsk and Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki, and from there to the extermination camp in Treblinka. Wincenty Hipolit Gawarecki lived in Wyszogród (1788-1852) – lawyer, historian, expert in the Płock region, author of many historical and sightseeing studies. Ignacy Tański was born in Wyszogród (1762-1805) – poeta i komediopisarz, father of the writer Klementyna née Tańska Hoffmanowa.

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